English as a Second Language
As ESL students become more fluent, it's time to concentrate on how to use that fluency in specific tasks such as for instance making a presentation or writing an essay. The topics that are advanced choose should rely upon exactly what your students have planned money for hard times. In classes with mixed objectives, there's a need for balance to make sure that students who don't necessarily require the task at hand still profit from the lesson. That is never truer than when teaching essay writing skills. Classes that are preparing for academic English objectives require the skills while "business English", or English for specific purposes classes, might find the entire exercise a waste of their hours. Chances are you have a mixed class, so it's recommended to tie essay writing skills to other important skills such as using equivalencies, the correct use of linking language and sequencing on paper. Students not interested in essay writing skills will gain valuable expertise in developing these skills regardless of task.
Build Toward Essay Writing Skills
Begin by Modeling Clear Writing at the Sentence Level
The way that is best to approach essay writing skills is to start during the sentence level. Once students have learned to compose simple, compound and sentences that are complex they have the equipment required to write longer documents such as essays, business reports, formal emails, an such like. All students will discover this help invaluable.
Focus on Equivalencies
I discover the best spot to begin is with equivalencies. Before moving on, make sure students understand sentence types by writing a simple, compound and sentence that is complex the board.
Simple Sentence: Mr. Smith visited Washington 36 months ago.Compound Sentence: Anna advised him up against the idea, but he chose to go nonetheless.Complex Sentence: he took the time to visit the Smithsonian since he was in Washington.
Build up students' familiarity with equivalencies by starting with writing my paper FANBOYS (coordinating conjunctions), moving on to subordinating conjunctions, and finishing along with other equivalencies such as for example preposition and adverbs that are conjunctive.
Give attention to Linking Language
Next, students will have to link their language, creating organization by using linking language sequencing that is including. It will help to publish out processes at this stage. Ask students to think of some process, then use sequencing language to connect the dots. It's a good idea to ask students to use both numberings in a sequence of steps and linking through time words.
Writing Essay Practice
Explaining Essay Writing in the Board
Given that students learn how to combine sentences into larger structures, it is the right time to proceed to writing essays. Provide a simple essay to students and ask them to identify various structures / written objectives:
- Underline language that is linking
- Find samples of FANBOYS, subordinating conjunctions, conjunctive adverbs, etc.
- What is the main idea of the essay?
- How can the essay seem to be organized?
- Essays generally contain an introduction, body, and conclusion. Can you identify each?
I like to help students by first explaining that an essay is like a hamburger. It's certainly a crude analogy, but students seem to obtain the concept of the intro and conclusion being just like the buns, although the content is the good stuff.
Essay Writing Lesson Plans
There are a number of lesson plans and resources on this website that help you with all the many steps involved in developing the writing that is necessary. To spotlight combining simple sentences into more compound structures, use this ?simple to compound sentence worksheet. Once students are comfortable at the sentence level, utilize the essay writing workshop — an overall total of four lessons — to proceed from brainstorming, through outlining to final essay production.
Challenges With Teaching Essay Writing
As previously mentioned at the start of this introduction, the main issue with essay writing is the fact that it's not really required for every student. Another issue is that traditional five paragraph essays are certainly just a little school that is old. However, I still believe that knowing the structure of the hamburger that is basic essay serve students well when putting together future written work.